Health

Maxillofacial Surgery: All About

Maxillofacial surgery is a simple surgical operation used to change the facial anatomy in order to correct diseases like bite misalignment or repair malformations. For certain operations, it uses the face as well as bones, muscles, and tendons from other parts of the body.

To diagnose and treat this condition a board-certified oral and maxillofacial surgeon is capable because they are able to identify the variety of conditions that affect the teeth, jaws, face, and neck. So you have to make sure to consult a qualified maxillofacial surgeon. To determine whether surgery will be beneficial for you, speak with a licensed local professional. Would you like to learn more about this Maxillofacial surgery? Then keep reading this full article to know more about it.

What is Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery?

Mostly Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery is a dental specialist who diagnoses, surgery, and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries, and anomalies that involves both the functional and aesthetic aspects of the Oral and maxillofacial tissues including both hard and soft tissues.

Maxillofacial and Dental Procedures

According to the general rule, board-certified maxillofacial surgeons are also board-certified in oral surgery. So in oral surgery, they treat the conditions of the teeth, mouth, and jaws. Common procedures include:

  • Wisdom teeth removal.
  • Bone grafting or augmentation.
  • Pre-prosthetic surgery.
  • Dental implant placement.
  • Impacted canine treatment.
  • Corrective jaw surgery.

Types of Maxillofacial Fractures

Maxillofacial fractures were classified into Le Fort fractures, Palatal fractures, Orbital fractures, and Naso-orbital-ethmoid (NOE) fractures.

Le Fort fractures

There are three different categories for Le Fort fractures.

  • The separation of the maxilla from the midface is referred to as a Le Fort I injury. These fractures affect the nasal septum, lateral nasal walls, maxillary sinus wall, and pterygoid plates.
  • Le Fort II fracture, which is distinguished by the separation of the nasomaxillary complex, is also known as the pyramidal fracture pattern. This fracture pattern involves the nasal and lacrimal bones, the nasofrontal suture, the infraorbital rims, and the pterygoid plates.
  • Le Fort III often referred to as craniofacial dissociation, is recognized by the complete mid-separation faces from the skull. The zygomatic arch, pterygoid plates, and nasofrontal and zygomaticomaxillary sutures are all affected by this fracture.

Palatal fracture

Le Fort maxillary fractures and palatal fractures usually appear in midfacial trauma. If not treated properly, they can cause malunion and occlusion difficulties and provide diagnostic and therapeutic challenges.

Alveolar fracture is a type I of palatal fracture with two subcategories: anterior and posterolateral fractures. Anterior type I palatal fracture is classified as type1  palatal fracture if it affects the posterior teeth instead of the incisors. Type II palatal fracture is a sagittal fracture that occurs less frequently in adults.

Orbital fractures

The orbital floor fracture, which is typically found as a blow-out fracture, is the most common fracture of the orbit. The most common fracture in children is an orbital roof fracture. Medial or lateral wall injuries to the orbit are a less frequent complication.

Naso-orbital-ethmoid (NOE) fractures

There are three types of Naso-orbital-ethmoid (NOE) fractures: Single-segment central fragment is the definition of a type I NOE fracture. This pattern may take either a unilateral or bilateral form. In this pattern, the medial tendon is connected to the fractured segment.

The comminuted central fragments of a type II NOE fracture are located outside of the medial canthal tendon insertion.

The medial canthal insertion segment is fractured along the fracture line in type III fractures. Either the medial canthal tendon stays connected to the central section or it does not.

Treatment Options in Maxillofacial Fractures

Board-certified oral and maxillofacial surgeons in specialized treat patients with a wide range of issues. Your referral to a specialist in maxillofacial hospital is likely being made for one of the reasons listed below:

  • Tooth restoration
  • Jaw misalignment
  • Facial trauma
  • Nasal cavity defect
  • Cleft lip or palate
  • Jawbone fracture
  • Chronic facial pain

Additionally, a local maxillofacial surgeon should be consulted for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) problem (OSA). Oral cancer, mouth sores, and many other illnesses, ailments, and disorders are also diagnosed and treated by surgeons.

Oral and maxillofacial procedures can change a patient’s life. However, just because you get a referral does not indicate you should proceed with surgical treatment of maxillofacial fractures. So you must give serious thought and consideration before deciding to have the surgery.

Conclusion

If you have suffered serious facial injuries, require tooth extraction, have been diagnosed with an illness affecting the face, require extensive jaw alignment prior to orthodontic treatment, or are suffering from a variety of other disorders affecting the mouth, throat, head, face, and neck, consult an oral and maxillofacial surgeon is likely to be the best option.

Although Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is typically thought of as a part of dental surgery, it is generally performed by specialized surgeons with extensive knowledge in the field.

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